Try Transformer for Snowflake

This tutorial covers the steps needed to try Transformer for Snowflake. You will learn how to work with the Control Hub user interface, build a basic Snowflake pipeline, preview pipeline activity, and run a job.

Although the tutorial provides a simple use case, keep in mind that StreamSets is a powerful platform that enables you to build and run large numbers of complex pipelines.

To complete this tutorial, you must have an existing StreamSets account. If you do not have one, use the following URL to sign up for a free trial:

When you sign up, StreamSets grants your user account all of the roles required to complete the tasks in this tutorial. If you are invited to join an existing organization, your user account requires the Pipeline Editor and Job Operator roles to complete tutorial tasks.

Note: This tutorial is for organizations that use the default Transformer for Snowflake engine hosted by StreamSets. If your organization uses deployed Transformer for Snowflake engines, you must deploy an engine and create a Snowflake connection before you create a pipeline. Then you can use this tutorial as a guide, however some steps and properties related to connection properties will differ.
To try Transformer for Snowflake, complete the following steps:
  1. Complete Prerequisite Tasks
  2. Build a Snowflake Pipeline
  3. Run a Job

Complete Prerequisite Tasks

Before you start the tutorial, perform the following tasks:
Verify Snowflake requirement for network policies
If you are just starting to use Transformer for Snowflake, and your Snowflake account uses network policies, complete the Snowflake requirement.
Verify user permissions
Make sure that the user account for the tutorial has the following permissions on the database where you create the tables:
  • Read
  • Write
  • Create Table
Create source tables
Use the following SQL queries to create and populate two tables in Snowflake.
Notice that the WAREHOUSE_WEST table has a Bin column that the WAREHOUSE_EAST table does not.
    CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE warehouse_east (
        id integer,
        name string,
        inventory integer
    INSERT INTO warehouse_east VALUES (1, 'toolbox', 5), (2, 'hammer', 11), (3, 'multitool', 6);

    In the Snowflake console, the resulting table should look like this:

    CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE warehouse_west (
        id integer,
        name string,
        inventory integer,
        bin string
    INSERT INTO warehouse_west VALUES (3, 'multitool', 25, '2-1'), (4, 'wrench', 30, '2-2');

    In the Snowflake console, the resulting table should look like this:

Build a Snowflake Pipeline

With these steps, you build a Snowflake pipeline that uses two Snowflake Table origins to read from the two source tables that you created, a Union processor to merge the data, and a Snowflake Table destination to write to a new output table.

You also preview the pipeline to verify how the stages process data.

  1. Use the following URL to log in to StreamSets:

    Control Hub displays the Welcome view.

  2. If this is your first login, click Start Here in the Build your First Transformation Job on Snowflake section. A blank pipeline named My First Pipeline opens in the canvas.
    Otherwise, click Quick Start > Build a Snowflake transformation to create a new pipeline.
    If you have not saved your Snowflake account URL or credentials to your StreamSets account, the Snowflake Credentials dialog box appears. Enter all required information to enable access to Snowflake. The information is validated, then stored in your StreamSets account for use with all of your subsequent connections.
  3. On the General tab of the pipeline properties, rename the pipeline to Snowflake Tutorial.
  4. Specify the following Snowflake properties, as needed.

    If you have already created pipelines and configured Snowflake settings in your StreamSets account, the following properties might already be configured with default properties. Update them as needed.

    If you have not saved Snowflake pipeline defaults to your StreamSets account, the Snowflake URL, role, warehouse, database, and schema that you specify below are also saved to your StreamSets account for use with subsequent pipelines.

    General Property Description
    Snowflake URL Enter your Snowflake account URL. For example:


    Role Use the default Public role, or specify a role to use to access your Snowflake account. Or, use the Select Role icon to select the role to use, then click Save.
    Note: For this tutorial, the role must have the following permissions:
    • Read
    • Write
    • Create Table
    Warehouse Enter the name of the warehouse where you created the tutorial tables. Or, click the Select Warehouse icon to select the warehouse, then click Save.
    Pipeline Working Schema Select a database and schema for temporarily storing data preview transient tables and for retrieving pipeline execution metrics from the Snowflake Information Schema. Or, click the Select Schema icon to explore your Snowflake account for the database and schema to use, then click Save.

    Transient tables are removed when you stop the preview.

    You can use the database and schema where you created the tutorial tables.

  5. In the canvas, click the Add Stage icon () to open the stage selector.
  6. Select Snowflake Table.
    The origin appears on the canvas with the Table tab displaying.
  7. For the Table property, click the Select Table icon (). Navigate to the schema and database where you created the tutorial tables, select the WAREHOUSE_EAST table, then click Save.

    Notice how the database, schema, and table display in separate text boxes in the Table property. You can use those text boxes to select different values, such as a different schema within the specified database or a different table within the specified database and schema. When needed, you can use the X icon to clear all three boxes.

    Also notice that the table name becomes the name of the origin.

    We want to read all data in the table, so no other properties are needed.

  8. To add another origin, in the toolbar above the canvas, click the Add Stage icon. Click Origins, and then select Snowflake Table.
    Do not use the Add Stage icon linked to the existing origin. That icon generates a list that omits origins, since it is linked to an origin.
    Select the second origin and drag it below the first origin in the pipeline canvas.
  9. For the Table property, click the first text box and select the database to use. Click the second text box and select the schema to use. Click the third text box and select the WAREHOUSE_WEST table.
    Notice how the stage is now named after the table.
    We want to read all data in the table, so no other properties are needed.
  10. Click the Add Stage icon connected to the first origin. In the stage selector, scroll down and select the Union processor.
  11. Click the General tab for the processor, then name the processor Union All.
    Using the stage selector connects the new stage with the selected stage. Connect the other origin by clicking on the output of the origin, then dropping it over the processor.
    The input order is irrelevant in this case, but to change the order, select the processor, then in the pop-up menu select the Reorder icon:
  12. Click the Union tab, then configure the following properties:
    Union Property Value
    Operation Union
    Column Handling Pass all Columns

    This passes all columns from both origins and ensures that all rows have the superset of columns passed into the processor. That is, any columns that exist only in one set of rows are added to the other rows. These new columns are populated with null values.

  13. Click the Add Stage icon connected to the processor. In the stage selector, click Destinations, and then select the Snowflake Table destination.
  14. On the Table tab, click the first text box of the Table property and select the database to use. Click the second text box and select the schema to use. Since you are not writing to an existing table, in the third text box, enter a new table name, such as TUTORIAL_OUTPUT.
    Notice, the table name becomes the name of the destination.
  15. Configure the following additional properties:
    Snowflake Table Value
    Write Mode Overwrite Table

    This ensures that if you run this pipeline again, you receive the expected results.

    Overwrite Mode Drop Table
  16. Use the default values for all remaining properties.

    Note that Create Table is enabled by default so that the destination creates the TUTORIAL_OUTPUT table before writing to it.

    Now that the pipeline is complete, you can preview how the pipeline works. Preview a pipeline to help you develop pipeline logic. When you preview the pipeline, you can view how a sample set of rows change as they pass through the pipeline.
  17. In the toolbar, click the Preview icon: .

    The first origin is selected in the pipeline canvas, and preview displays several rows of output data read by the origin.

  18. In the canvas, select the processor so that you can review the output data.

    Notice how the two input streams have been merged into one. Rows from WAREHOUSE_EAST have a new Bin column with null values, because the Bin column existed in the WAREHOUSE_WEST data.

  19. Click Close Preview to close the preview.
    Now we know how the pipeline processes the data, but let's create and run a job to see the pipeline in action.

Run a Job

Jobs are the execution of a dataflow that is represented in a pipeline.

When pipeline development is complete, you check in the pipeline to indicate that the pipeline is ready to be added to a job and run. When you check in a pipeline, you enter a commit message. StreamSets maintains the commit history of each pipeline.

Since the Transformer for Snowflake engine is hosted on the StreamSets platform, job configuration is simple, compared to Data Collector or Transformer pipelines. As a result, you can use the default values when creating the job.

  1. With the pipeline open in the canvas, click the Check In icon:
  2. Enter a commit message. You can use the default: New Pipeline.
    As a best practice, state what changed in this pipeline version so that you can track the commit history of the pipeline.
  3. Click Publish and Next.

    The Share Pipeline step displays. You can skip this step for now. When additional users join your organization, you must share the pipeline to grant them access to it.

  4. Click Save & Create New Job.

    The Create Job Instances wizard appears.

  5. Use the defaults in the Define Job step, and click Next.
  6. In the Select Pipeline step, click Next.
  7. In the Review & Start step, click Start & Monitor Job.

    The job displays in the canvas, and Control Hub indicates that the job is active. When the job completes, the job has an Inactive status and displays the time that the job started and stopped.

  8. Click the Summary tab to view the input and output row count for the completed job.

  9. To view the results of the pipeline, go to your Snowflake console and navigate to the database, warehouse, and schema that you used for the tutorial. Notice that the pipeline created a new TUTORIAL_OUTPUT table.

    When you preview the data in the table, it should look like this:

    Notice the table includes a Bin column that only existed in the WAREHOUSE_WEST table. And as you saw when previewing the pipeline processing, rows that did not previously have Bin data, now have nulls in that column.

    Congratulations! You have built and run your first Snowflake pipeline.

Next Steps

Now that you are familiar with building Snowflake pipelines and running jobs, you might use the following suggestions to deepen your understanding of Snowflake pipelines and Control Hub.
Note: This documentation contains the information that you need to create Snowflake pipelines. Information about general Control Hub features is available in the Control Hub documentation.
Modify the tutorial pipeline
Add a couple processors to the tutorial pipeline to see how easily you can add a wide range of processing to the pipeline:
  • Add a Filter processor to remove the multitool rows from the data set.
  • Use a Column Transformer processor to double the inventory values, and overwrite the existing values.
  • To see how the data drift feature works, change the destination Overwrite Mode property from Drop Table to Truncate Table. Then, add a Column Renamer processor to rename the Bin column.
Remember that you can preview the pipeline to see how each processor does its job. For more information, see the Control Hub documentation.
Create a new pipeline
Create a new pipeline using your own Snowflake data or the Snowflake sample data. You might explore some of the following functionality:
  • If you have a Snowflake query that you want to enhance, use the Snowflake Query origin to generate data for the pipeline, then add processors to perform additional processing.
  • Use the Join processor to join data from two Snowflake tables or views.
  • As you develop the pipeline, use the Trash destination with data preview to see if the pipeline processes data as expected. For more information about data preview, see the Control Hub documentation.
Explore useful features
Learn more about Control Hub
Add users to your organization
  • Invite other users to join your organization and collaboratively manage pipelines as a team.
  • To create a multitenant environment within your organization, create groups of users. Grant roles to these groups and share objects within the groups to grant each group access to the appropriate objects.