GCE Deployments

You can create a Google Compute Engine (GCE) deployment for an active GCP environment.

When you create a GCE deployment, you define the engine type, version, and configuration to deploy to the Google Cloud project and VPC network specified in the environment. You also specify the number of engine instances to deploy. Each engine instance runs on a dedicated Google Compute Engine VM instance.

When you start a GCE deployment, Control Hub connects to the project and VPC network specified in the environment and then uses Google Cloud Deployment Manager to create a Google deployment. Google Cloud Deployment Manager provisions the group of VM instances in the VPC network and then deploys and launches one StreamSets engine instance on each VM instance.

Google Cloud Deployment Manager manages the provisioning and monitoring of the VM instances. Control Hub simply receives the status of the deployed StreamSets engine instances and sends any updates to Deployment Manager.

When you stop a GCE deployment, Deployment Manager deletes the existing VM instances.

Important: You are responsible for all costs from Google Cloud incurred by the resources provisioned by Control Hub. StreamSets strongly advises against directly modifying the provisioned resources in Google Cloud. Doing so may cause unexpected errors.

For more information about Google Cloud Deployment Manager, see the Google Cloud Deployment Manager documentation.

Before you create a GCE deployment, you must complete several prerequisites.
Note: Due to your account agreement, creating deployments for GCP environments might be disabled for your organization. For more information, contact your StreamSets account team.

VM Instance Details

Each provisioned Google Compute Engine VM instance is set up with the following software, based on the selected engine type.
Note: If you need to set up the provisioned instances with additional software, you can define an initialization script for the deployment.
Engine Type Software
Data Collector
  • CentOS 7.x
  • OpenJDK 8
  • StreamSets Data Collector engine as a tarball
Transformer
  • CentOS 7.x
  • For Scala 2.11:
    • OpenJDK 8
    • Apache Spark 2.4.8 prebuilt with Scala 2.11
  • For Scala 2.12:
    • OpenJDK 11
    • Apache Spark 3.0.3 prebuilt with Scala 2.12
  • StreamSets Transformer engine as a tarball

Prerequisites

Before you create a GCE deployment, complete the following prerequisites:
Create a Google Cloud Platform (GCP) environment
Create and activate a GCP environment in Control Hub, as described in GCP Environments.
Create an instance service account
Ask your Google Cloud administrator to create an instance service account in Google Cloud to associate with the provisioned VM instances. If a default instance service account is defined for the parent GCP environment, you can skip this prerequisite and simply use the default. If a default is not set or if you'd like to override the default for the deployment, see Create Instance Service Accounts for VM Instances.
Optionally, create an SSH key pair
Control Hub does not use or require an SSH key pair to access the VM instances. However, if you’d like to use an SSH key to access the provisioned VM instances, create an SSH key pair to associate with the VM instances.
You can use an existing key pair or create a new key pair to be used exclusively by the deployment. You’ll enter the full contents of the public key when you create the deployment. For more information on manually creating SSH keys to access VM instances, see the Google Cloud Compute Engine documentation.
Optionally, set up an external resource archive
When your pipelines require external resources and when you plan to deploy multiple engine instances, you must set up an external resource archive that all engine instances can access. When your pipelines do not require external resources or when using a single engine instance to get started with StreamSets, you do not need to complete this prerequisite.
You typically configure a deployment to use an external resource archive when you are ready to move to production, after you have finished building your pipelines and have finalized the list of external resources that your pipelines require. For more information, see External Resources.

Creating a GCE Deployment

Create a Google Compute Engine (GCE) deployment to define the group of engine instances to deploy to a GCP environment.
Important: Before creating a deployment, you must complete the required prerequisites.

To create a new GCE deployment, click Set Up > Deployments in the Navigation panel, and then click the Create Deployment icon: .

Define the Deployment

Define the deployment essentials, including the deployment name and type, the environment that the deployment belongs to, and the engine type and version to deploy.

Once saved, you cannot change the deployment type, the engine version, or the environment.

  1. Configure the following properties:
    Define Deployment Property Description
    Deployment Name Name of the deployment.

    Use a brief name that informs your team of the deployment use case.

    Deployment Type Select Google Compute Engine (GCE).
    Environment Active GCP environment where engine instances will be deployed.
    Engine Type Type of engine to deploy:
    • Data Collector
    • Transformer
    Engine Version Engine version to deploy.
    Deployment Tags Optional tags that identify similar deployments within Control Hub. Use deployment tags to easily search and filter deployments.

    Enter nested tags using the following format:

    <tag1>/<tag2>/<tag3>

  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Cancel - Cancels creating the deployment and exits the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Configure the Engine

Define the configuration of the engine to deploy. You can use the defaults to get started.

  1. Configure the following properties:
    Engine Property Description
    Stage Libraries

    Stage libraries to install on the engine.

    The available stage libraries depend on the selected engine type and version.

    Advanced Configuration

    Access to advanced configuration properties to further customize the engine. As you get started with StreamSets, the default values should work in most cases.

    The available properties depend on the selected engine type.

    External Resource Source Source of the external files and libraries, such as JDBC drivers, required by the engine:
    • None - External resources are not defined in the deployment.

      Select when using a single engine instance to get started with StreamSets, or when your pipelines do not require external resources.

    • Archive File - External resources are included in an archive file defined in the deployment.

      Select when the deployment launches multiple engine instances and when your pipelines require external resources.

    External Resource Location

    Location of the archive file that contains the external resources used by the engine. The archive file must be in TGZ or ZIP format.

    Enter the location using one of the following formats:
    • File path. For example: /mnt/shared/externalResources.tgz
    • HTTP URL. For example, if the file is stored in a Google Cloud Storage bucket and the URL is shared publicly: https://storage.googleapis.com/<bucket_name>/externalResources.tgz
    Tip: Click the download icon to download a sample externalResources.tgz file to view the required directory structure.

    Available when using an archive file as the source for external resources.

    Engine Labels Labels to assign to all engine instances launched for this deployment. Labels determine the group of engine instances that run a job.

    Default is the name of the deployment.

  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Configure the GCE Region

Select the region to provision the Google Compute Engine VM instances in.

  1. Select the GCE region to provision the VM instances in.
  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Configure the GCE Zone and Subnet

Select one or more zones and a subnet to provision the Google Compute Engine VM instances in. You can select from the available zones and subnets within the selected GCE region and VPC network.

  1. Configure the following properties:
    GCE Property Description
    Zone One or more zones to provision the VM instances in.
    Subnet Subnet to provision the VM instances in.
  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Configure the GCE Autoscaling Group

Configure details about the Google Compute Engine VM instances that will be provisioned.

  1. Configure the following properties:
    GCE Autoscaling Group Property Description
    Engine Instances Number of engine instances to deploy.
    For each engine instance, Google Cloud Deployment Manager provisions a VM instance in the VPC, and then deploys and launches one engine instance on each VM instance.
    Important: If your pipelines require external resources, you must set up an external resource archive that all engine instances can access before increasing the number of engine instances.
    Machine Type Machine type to use for the provisioned VM instances.

    For more information about the types, see the Google Cloud Compute Engine documentation.

    Instance Service Account Instance service account to associate with the provisioned VM instances. Select the instance service account created as an environment prerequisite by your Google Cloud administrator.

    If a default instance service account is defined for the GCP environment, the default account is selected. You can accept the default or override it with a different instance service account.

    GCP Labels Labels to apply to all Google Cloud resources provisioned for this deployment.

    Enter the labels as key-value pairs. For label naming requirements, see the Google Cloud Compute Engine documentation.

    You can define the labels using simple or bulk edit mode. In simple edit mode, click Add to define additional labels. In bulk edit mode, configure labels in JSON format.

    Important: These labels are applied to Google Cloud resources, not to Control Hub deployments.
    Network Tags Optional network tags that determine the firewall rules to apply to the provisioned VM instances. Enter the names of one or more network tags.

    When not specified, the firewall rules defined for the Google VPC network are applied to the provisioned VM instances.

    The firewall rules must meet the requirements as described in Firewall Rules.

    Init Script

    Initialization script to run on each provisioned instance.

    Use the script to set up provisioned instances with additional software as required by your organization. The script must be a valid shell script with a maximum size of 8 KB.

    Enter the script directly in the property or upload a shell script file that uses an .sh extension. After uploading, you can edit the contents of the script.

  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Configure GCE SSH Access

Optionally, configure the SSH key to associate with the provisioned Google Compute Engine VM instances.

  1. Configure the following properties:
    GCE SSH Access Property Description
    Public SSH Key Full contents of the public SSH key to associate with each provisioned VM instance.

    Associating an SSH key with the instances is optional. If you choose to use an SSH key, enter the key created as a deployment prerequisite by your Google Cloud administrator.

    Block Project-Wide SSH Keys Block the use of project-wide public SSH keys to access the provisioned VM instances.
  2. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Share the Deployment

By default, the deployment can only be seen by you. Share the deployment with other users and groups to grant them access to it.

  1. In the Select Users and Groups field, type a user email address or a group name.
  2. Select users or groups from the list, and then click Add.

    The added users and groups display in the User / Group table.

  3. Modify permissions as needed. By default, each added user or group is granted the following permissions:
    • Read - View the details of the deployment and of all engines managed by the deployment. Restart or shut down individual engines managed by the deployment in the Engines view.
    • Write - Edit, start, stop, and delete the deployment. Delete engines managed by the deployment. Also requires read access on the parent environment.
    • Execute - Start jobs on engines managed by the deployment. Starting jobs also requires execute access on the job and read access on the pipeline.

    For more information, see Deployment Permissions.

  4. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Back - Returns to the previous step in the wizard.
    • Save & Next - Saves the deployment and continues.
    • Save & Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the incomplete deployment in the Deployments view.

Review and Launch the Deployment

You've successfully finished creating the deployment.

  1. Click one of the following buttons:
    • Exit - Saves the deployment and exits the wizard, displaying the Deactivated deployment in the Deployments view. You can start the deployment at a later time.
    • Launch Deployment - Starts the deployment, provisions Google Compute Engine VM instances in your Google VPC network, and launches a StreamSets engine on each instance.
  2. If the deployment launches a Transformer engine that works with a Spark cluster, you must grant the Spark cluster access to Transformer.

    For instructions, see Granting the Spark Cluster Access to Transformer in the Transformer engine documentation.

Editing a GCE Deployment

You can edit a GCE deployment while it is deactivated or active.

When you stop a deployment, all existing VM instances are deleted. After you edit properties and then restart the deployment, Control Hub uses Google Cloud Deployment Manager to provision a new group of VM instances and launch a new StreamSets engine instance on each VM instance.

When you edit a deployment while it is active, existing VM instances might be deleted, depending on the following types of edited properties:
General deployment or engine properties
When you edit general deployment or engine properties while the deployment is active, Google Cloud Deployment Manager continues running the existing VM instances. Changes to all StreamSets engine instances are replicated on the next restart of the engines.
For example, let's say you edit the deployment to install additional stage libraries on the engine instances, and then you instruct Control Hub to restart all engine instances. Control Hub restarts the StreamSets engine instances on the running VM instances, which triggers the installation of the additional stage libraries and the engine property changes.
GCE properties
When you edit GCE properties while the deployment is active, Google Cloud Deployment Manager replaces all of the existing VM instances. This results in engine downtime while the new instances are being provisioned.
For example, if you edit the deployment to increase the number of engine instances from 2 to 3, Deployment Manager deletes both of the existing VM instances and then provisions three new instances, instead of provisioning a single new instance.

To edit a deployment, locate the deployment in the Deployments view. In the Actions column, click the More icon () and then click Edit.

Tracking URL

When you view the details of an active GCE deployment, you can access a tracking URL to the Google Cloud Console. Use the URL to view details about the Google Cloud resources automatically provisioned for the StreamSets deployment.

To access the tracking URL, click a GCE deployment name in the Deployments view and then locate the Tracking URL property in the deployment details.

Click the URL to open the Google Cloud Console. The console displays the overview page of the Google deployment created for your StreamSets deployment. The overview page includes links to the following resources created for the deployment:
  • VM instance template
  • Managed instance group
  • Autoscaler

For example, the following image displays a sample overview page:

Use the Google Cloud Console to explore details about each resource and locate errors that might have occurred.
Important: Viewing details about provisioned resources in the console can help you troubleshoot deployment configuration issues. However, StreamSets strongly advises against directly modifying the provisioned resources using the console. Doing so may cause unexpected errors.

The following topics provide brief tips on finding the most useful information about the provisioned resources. For more details about monitoring a Google Cloud deployment, see the Google Cloud documentation.

VM Instance Template

In the Google deployment overview page, click the link to the VM instance template and then click Manage Resource on the right.

The Google Cloud Console displays the following details about the instance template. Use the details to verify that the StreamSets parent environment and deployment are configured with the correct values, such as the networking information or the SSH key:

Managed Instance Group

In the Google deployment overview page, click the link to the managed instance group and then click Manage Resource on the right.

The Google Cloud Console displays details about the instance group, including the status of the instance group, the number of provisioned VM instances, and an Errors tab. The Errors tab lists errors that occurred while provisioning the managed instance group; however, the list is not necessarily comprehensive.

For example, the following image displays an instance group with a Ready status that includes one VM instance:

In the Instance Group Members section, click an instance name to view specific details about the VM instance. For example, click instance-5rz2 in the image above. The VM instance details page also allows you to use SSH to connect to the VM instance, even if you didn't provide an SSH key when creating the deployment.